Posts Tagged ‘Civil’

UAE Civil Defence to prominence modernized rescue capabilities during ISNR Abu Dhabi 2012

Sunday, January 29th, 2012
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Agency’s new electro-mechanical firefighting apparatus is initial of a kind in a Middle East

The UAE Civil Defence will arrangement some of a modernized mechanisms, technologies and resources for rescue operations during a 5th International Security National Resilience (ISNR) Exhibition Conference Abu Dhabi. Held underneath a clientele of H.H. General Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of a UAE Armed Forces with a full support of a UAE Ministry of Interior, a Middle East’s clear homeland confidence eventuality will run from Mar 19 to 21, 2012 during a Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre.

Some of a rescue equipments owned by a UAE Civil Defence are singular to a Middle East, such as a next-generation electro-mechanical firefighting hose upkeep equipment. This reflects a agency’s joining to constantly build adult a puncture response capabilities. Civil Defence also uses a specialized 4×4 off-road firefighting and rescue vehicle, a telescopic lumbar rescue bracket for rescue and liberation from building stairways, groundwork and storage area firefighting systems, and a triple-boom 55-metre firefighting and rescue aerial ladder height (ALP). These will all be displayed during ISNR Abu Dhabi 2012 along with a operative indication for real-time monitoring systems. The UAE Civil Defence will control live proof of a fast wire helicopter rescue as well.

“The range and inlet of inhabitant confidence and resilience is elaborating rapidly, that is because polite counterclaim agencies need to have a right apparatus to residence all kinds of situations. ISNR Abu Dhabi 2012 is an eventuality for a UAE Civil Defence to showcase a country’s informal care in puncture response while training some-more about a latest technologies and best practices in a field. Events such as these are critical to consolidating and enhancing a puncture preparedness and response, predicament management, and resilience and confidence platforms for veteran workers in a Civil Defence,” pronounced Major General Rashid Thani Al Matrooshi, Acting Commander General of UAE Civil Defence.

“ISNR Abu Dhabi 2012 will yield an glorious height for a UAE Civil Defence to denote how vital investments into training and apparatus can maximize preparedness for any and all homeland confidence threats and puncture situations. The agency’s capabilities will really inspire other Middle Eastern states to ramp adult their polite counterclaim capabilities in response to a elaborating informal and general confidence landscape,” pronounced Mohamad Bader-Eddin, Show Director, Reed Exhibitions Middle East.


About Reed Exhibitions:
Reed Exhibitions is a world’s heading organiser of trade and consumer events that has excelled in formulating high profile, rarely targeted business and consumer exhibitions and events to settle and say business relations, and beget new business.

Every year a association runs over 440 events in 36 countries, bringing together over 6 million active eventuality participants worldwide. With over 2,500 employees in 35 offices around a creation Reed Exhibitions serves 44 industries worldwide. It also enjoys a network of offices and promoters that extends to 93 countries.

About ISNR Abu Dhabi:
International Security National Resilience Exhibition Conference (ISNR 2012) is a usually eventuality that brings together a whole spectrum of homeland confidence issues in a Middle East. It is a singular height that addresses a flourishing need for worldly equipments to opposite general terrorism and strengthen inhabitant borders, and to respond resiliently to disasters, either healthy or formula of militant action. The eventuality is good attended by a open and private sectors, municipal entities as good as preference makers from a confidence marketplace to showcase their solutions innovations, network and serve plead how to work together towards a safer world.

For some-more information greatfully contact:
Rima Sadka
Marketing Manager
Reed Exhibitions
P.O.Box: 60799 Abu Dhabi, UAE
Dir: +971 2 409 0450
Mob: +971 50 438 2043
Fax: +971 2 444 3768

Orient Planet PR Marketing Communications
Tel: +971 2 441 89 95
Fax: +971 2 441 84 66

© Press Release 2012

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Researchers with sonar record find 3-D images of Civil War, WWII …

Tuesday, June 28th, 2011



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Students Design New York City Tunnel during Stevens Institute of Technology

Saturday, April 30th, 2011

Hoboken, NJ, Apr 30, 2011 –(– Civil Engineering students during Stevens Institute of Technology are operative on a pattern of a territory of a East Side entrance hovel that will pierce some-more Long Island Rail Road trains into New York City. The Senior Design group of Reed Cummings, Leonid Katsman, Matthew Lawson, and Dylan Lupo has assessed and designed a 120-foot hovel that will run underneath Northern Boulevard for a East Side Access open works plan in New York City. The group is suggested by Associate Professor of Civil Engineering Leslie Brunell and sponsored by Schiavone Construction.

“This is a unequivocally formidable plan with countless structures above a due hovel and H2O surrounding a area,” says Dr. Brunell, “the believe of operative on a genuine life plan with so many constraints has unequivocally shown this group how formidable some Civil Engineering designs can be.”

The East Side Access plan seeks to bond a Long Island Railroad directly with Grand Central Station by a hovel that runs from Manhattan, underneath a East River, by a hovel in Queens, where it connects to a categorical tyrannise lines. “One of a many formidable aspects of conceptualizing for such a project,” Leonid says, “is a volume of preexisting structures that contingency be factored into a design.”

“It can’t disquiet highway and transport traffic,” he says, yet both will run above a due tunnel. “Also, a transport can't pierce adult or down in elevation. We contingency also cause in infested groundwater, that raises reserve concerns.”

Leonid explains, “What Schiavone is looking for from us, is how to temporarily support a structures that lay above a tunnel, as good as stabilise a dirt to emanate protected operative condition, and forestall infested H2O from withdrawal a site.”

In other words, a earthy structure of a hovel aside, a group had to bargain with a dire issues of dirt and water. The H2O turn presented some particular hurdles in stabilizing a area in sequence to puncture and exercise a structure.

If a hovel is dug out though initial stabilizing a belligerent in some way, soppy dirt will rush to a bottom since a site sits next a H2O table. The group came on a singular resolution for this problem. “We designed a approach to solidify a ground,” Matthew says. “Our pattern calls for installing solidify pipes to forestall groundwater from seeping in.” Ground frozen is a singular century-old routine in that pipes, fluctuating into a earth, disseminate a cooling middle such as glass nitrogen. The cooling middle extracts feverishness from a soil, chilling a H2O in a belligerent until it freezes. This allows excavations during levels next a H2O table. “Frozen dirt acts like a concrete, so it serves as an effective belligerent stabilization technique as well,” Matthew says.

“This is kind of an surprising plan with a existent structures above us and a need to puncture next a H2O table,” Dylan says. “Schiavone pronounced they had never dealt with anything like this before – it is flattering unique.”

A broad-based Stevens preparation prepared students with a clever substructure for this real-world project. “It pieces together so many opposite things that we have learned,” Dylan says. “Classes in steel and petrify pattern unequivocally helped with conceptualizing a underpinnings. We also used a mechanism models to investigate a trusses, and a geotechnical engineering category came in accessible in scheming a pattern and traffic with a soil.”

The plan also challenged a group to go over their book learning, and even over their endless mild preparation experience. “This plan unequivocally unprotected us to Geotechnical Engineering,” Matthew says. “We had all taken a geotechnical class, though this is flattering modernized work.” The group members enthralled themselves in modernized research, in areas such as belligerent freezing, grouting, and belligerent stabilization. “We spent a good partial of a initial few months only doing a large volume of research,” Matthew says. In a end, they travel divided with a improved bargain of geotechnical engineering, and how to innovate when presented with a unequivocally formidable problem.

About Civil, Environmental, and Ocean Engineering during Stevens
The Civil, Environmental and Ocean Engineering Department strives to be a premier dialect in a New Jersey-New York region, and among a tip universities national famous for producing well-prepared graduates, building manifest investigate programs, and advancing believe by open overdo and veteran service. CEOE administers internally-known laboratories, programs, and investigate centers, including ancestral Davidson Laboratory. The dialect offers colourful programs of undergraduate and connoisseur preparation and is a apparatus to support in a control of engineering practice. Visit us during


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Jon K. Broadbooks: Technology competence change, though basis don’t – The State Journal

Sunday, April 17th, 2011

The lead story in a Apr 13, 1861, book of a Daily State Journal had an roughly gratifying air.

“The round has opened. War is inaugurated,” seemed underneath an all-caps title dogmatic that “The traitors glow a initial gun” during Fort Sumter.  

What followed was a collection of telegram dispatches that reported President Abraham Lincoln was disturbed about an conflict on Washington; Montgomery, Ala., was charity 7,000 infantry to a Confederate cause; and a change for a nation’s book was $5,161,000.

A front-page mainstay conspicuous “This diversion has played prolonged enough.”

Game, indeed.

Some 620,000 people eventually died during a Civil War, and 35,000 of them were Illinoisans. By comparison, about 418,000 Americans died in World War II and scarcely 117,000 in World War I.

On this, a Civil War’s sesquicentennial, looking by a printouts of a Apr 13, 1861, editions of a internal newspapers gives discernment into how a basement of a qualification have endured.

Link to a past
Springfield is a latest stop in a life that always seems to have some tighten tie to a Civil War.

As a kid, we played in a eroding trenches left over from a Battle of Asheville. The push in my North Carolina hometown isn’t one that creates many story books, yet it was a singular feat for a 600 or so Confederates who faced down 1,100 Union infantry in a final month of a “troubles.”

I spent many of my life in a South, where vacations enclosed traipsing yet battlefields from Gettysburg, Pa., to Lookout Mountain, Tenn. Over a years, I’ve been to a Bloody Pond during Shiloh and stood on a mark during a Alabama Capitol where Confederate President Jefferson Davis took a promise of office.

Also in Montgomery, where we worked for a time, we gathering any day past a building where a sequence was telegraphed to open glow on Maj. Robert Anderson and his beleaguered Union infantry during Fort Sumter.

Some of a messages sent from that telegram bureau are roughly positively among those printed in a papers that were a forerunners of The State Journal-Register. It’s one of those neat coincidences in life that shows how companion things unequivocally are.  

Changes in coverage
What’s conspicuous in looking behind during a 1861 papers is how many things that were partial of a news business afterwards are still with us today.

Then: Both a State Register and Journal relied on as-they-came-in reports from a telegram offices. They are built chronologically to give readers a clarity of how a news of a day was developing.

Now: Big stories are still rubbed this way, yet a use is used on a Web first. When large news breaks, we tend to put adult what we now call blog posts that constraint all a pieces of news as they come in. Later, we rewrite a blog element into some-more orderly narratives for a imitation edition.

Then: Both papers carried a full content of troops cables sent by Confederate Gen. G.T. Beauregard and Secretary of War LeRoy. P. Walker. The Civil War homogeneous of email exchanges is arrange of like reading an early chronicle of wikileaks.

Now: Source papers are still vicious in assisting readers know what’s going on in their world. We post lots of papers online to assistance yield context for stories.

There’s no surrogate for saying a source element that serves as a basement for reportage.   
Then: Technological advances meant  fight stating came into a possess in 1861. The telegram authorised correspondents to use “the wire” to record dispatches from all over a nation during unheard of speed. For a time, a news on Apr 13 of Apr 12’s news was communication during diverge speed.

Now: Technology still plays a vicious purpose in moulding news reports. Satellite phones, smartphones and digital photography have revolutionized how quick news is distributed. The time loiter between an eventuality and broader distribution is seconds now instead of hours.

We still impute to Associated Press dispatches as being granted by a wire, nonetheless a wires are fiber ocular instead of copper.

Writing history
By complicated standards, a 150-year-old pages of a State Journal and Register seem hopelessly cluttered. The Register pushed all a fight news deeper inside a journal in preference of a prolonged and young square of novella that took adult 4 of 7 columns of primary genuine estate.

Both papers are filled with a bric-a-brac of daily life, trimming from an announcement for 150 kegs of drink (“A primary essay for family use”) to a contested choosing for city marshal.

Oddly, conjunction paper seemed all that endangered on a front pages about what internal folks suspicion about a war. The Register’s readers got greeting from Erie, Pa., and Hallifax, Nova Scotia, yet a closest anyone came to a internal criticism were statements from Lincoln, who of march had only changed to a White House from Springfield.

That’s not to contend we don’t come divided tender by what was achieved in a day when form was set by palm and a stating routine was distant some-more cumbersome.

Sure, a headlines competence have been a bit jingoistic and some stories could have been played differently, yet mainstay after mainstay of war-related news was painstakingly typeset and printed.

Andy Van Meter’s story of a SJ-R, “Always My Friend,” records a fad during a newspaper’s offices as bystanders energetically lined adult to review dispatches posted outward a Journal’s office. The editors and reporters that day were copy story and they contingency have famous it.

Then, as now, when a news breaks people spin to a newspaper, either in imitation or digital form.

The record competence change. The blueprint of a pages competence change. The simple mechanics of fast removing a story and presenting it remain.

Jon K. Broadbooks is executive editor of The State Journal-Register. He can be reached during 788-1505 or

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The Civil War influenced technology

Sunday, April 17th, 2011

While a Civil War was a ancestral branch indicate for a United States in terms of a domestic structure, it was also gave arise to several complicated practices, clearinghouses and weapons.


Embalming has been around given a Egyptians, yet historians with a National Museum of Funeral Science contend embalming in America didn’t unequivocally locate on until a Civil War.

According to Constance Jones, author of “R.I.P: The Complete Book of Death and Dying,” a Civil War altered wake customs.

“Because so many families wanted their upheld soldiers returned home for burial, a use of embalming came into wider use,” she wrote. “Then, President Lincoln was assassinated. His wake sight lasted 14 days as a sight trafficked 1,700 miles from Washington, D.C., to Springfield, Illinois. Over 7 million people saw Lincoln’s embalmed body. His coffin was private from a sight and non-stop during any vital stop along a way.”

During a Civil War, Dr. Thomas Holmes, an embalming surgeon, polished a routine of embalming and engaged with families to embalm their upheld soldiers to safety them so they could be buried during home.

Holmes stationed himself in Washington, D.C., and handed fliers out to soldiers watchful to go into battle, charity to safety their bodies in box of death.

In 1861, when Virginia validated a letters of secession, Holmes finished his repute and started a march of events that finished embalming a common practice.

Col. Elmer Ellsworth, a former clerk for Abraham Lincoln in his Springfield, Ill., law bureau and after one of President Lincoln’s confidence guards, trafficked to Alexandria, Va., during a president’s request, to mislay a Confederate dwindle from a tip of a Marshall House Inn. Historians contend that after going to a roof to collect a flag, Ellsworth was shot in a chest by a inn’s owner, James Jackson, and killed.

According to a National Museum of Funeral History, Holmes embalmed Ellsworth’s bodyfor it to be sent behind to Illinois. Newspapers of a day, as good as First Lady Mary Todd Lincoln, pronounced Holmes’ work left Ellsworth looking as “natural as yet he were sleeping a brief and pleasing sleep.”

Embalming surgeons trafficked from terrain to terrain looking for a upheld and pumping into their veins a reduction of arsenic and other chemicals to check a ebbing process. Most charged around $7 for enlisted group and $13 for officers.

It wasn’t until a spin of a century that a routine became some-more ordinarily used.


Arlington was once a home of Mary Anne Custis Lee, a mother of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee. The plantation that now serves as a nation’s infantry tomb was purchased by a sovereign supervision for use as a infantry tomb in 1864. Lee, carrying initial been offering a authority of sovereign infantry by President Lincoln, left instead to authority a Army of Northern Virginia, and found his homeland shortly behind rivalry lines.

Historians for Arlington pronounced a drift were suggested as a site for Union upheld by Brig. Gen. Montgomery C. Meigs, who appropriated a land on Jun 15, 1864. As a drift of a United States Soldiers’ National Cemetery in Washington, D.C., filled up, some-more land was indispensable for Union dead.

“We urge for those who mislaid their lives,” Meigs wrote. “The drift about a palace are superbly blending to such a use.”

In truth, however, a area was a Union tomb before Meigs’ thought was ever approved.

On May 13, 1864, Pvt. William Henry Christman, of a 67th Pennsylvania Infantry, became a initial infantry use male interred in Arlington.

Meigs intended, historian said, to make a palace during Arlington uninhabitable should a Lee family ever lapse to a home. A mill and masonry wake safe was built in Mary Ann’s dear rose garden, 20 feet far-reaching and 10 feet deep. There, Meigs buried a stays of 1,800 Bull Run casualties, a initial relic to Union upheld erected underneath his orders.

Meigs was after buried during Arlington, reduction than 100 yards from Arlington House, with his wife, father and son.

Another apportionment of a skill was designated by a sovereign supervision as a indication encampment for liberated slaves.

Freedman’s Village, nearby where a stream Memorial Amphitheater in Arlington stands, was dedicated on Dec. 4, 1863. In it, some-more than 1,100 liberated slaves were given land to work and live on during and after a Civil War.

By 1890, it became a infantry reservation and Freedman’s Village ceased to exist. The grave sites of those who lived in a encampment remained on a drift of Arlington.


Although Social Security as we now know it didn’t start in a United States until 1935, a predecessor to a module arose out of a Civil War.

According to a Social Security Administration, “following a Civil War, there were hundreds of thousands of widows and orphans, and hundreds of thousands of infirm veterans. In fact, immediately following a Civil War, a most aloft suit of a race was infirm or survivors of defunct breadwinners than during any time in America’s history. This led to a growth of a inexhaustible grant program, with engaging similarities to after developments in Social Security.”

Legislation upheld in 1862 supposing advantages to those with disabilities “incurred as a approach effect of … infantry duty.” Those pensions were supposing also to widows and orphans of soldiers in amounts equal to what a infantryman would have received. By 1890, a grant was open to all Civil War soldiers regardless of either a infantryman perceived a service-connected disability.

“By 1910, Civil War veterans and their survivors enjoyed a module of disability, survivors and old-age advantages identical in some ways to a after Social Security programs. By 1910, over 90 percent of a remaining Civil War veterans were receiving advantages underneath this program, nonetheless they constituted hardly 0.6 percent of a sum U.S. race of that era.”

Civil War pensions also captivated immature wives to aged veterans whose pensions they would get as a widow of a fight veteran. The final available Civil War widow perceived grant payments until 1999.

The infantry grant represented a largest sovereign output finished during a time, $165 million, and it accounted for scarcely 37 percent of a whole sovereign budget. But it did not yield mercantile confidence to all a veterans. Confederate veterans and their families were barred from receiving Civil War pensions until signing an promise of devotion to a United States. In 1910, a per capita normal infantry grant output for residents of Ohio afterwards was $3.36 while in a Southern states it was reduction than 50 cents. In South Carolina, a normal per capita infantry grant was usually 17 cents.

It wouldn’t be until 1930 in a midst of a Depression that there would be a inhabitant call to yield for a aged and disabled


The Civil War was also a initial fight in that photography became a approach of documenting a horrors of battle.

While annals uncover that photography was used in a Mexican War, pronounced Jody Seels, a University of Pittsburgh professor, it wasn’t until a Civil War that a photos had an impact on a American people.

An 1863 New York Times examination of photographer Matthew Brady’s muster on photos from Antietam spoke of a impact a cinema had

“The vital that mob Broadway caring small maybe for a Dead during Antietam, yet we imagination they would shove reduction weakly down a good thoroughfare, strut reduction during their ease, were a few drizzling bodies, uninformed from a field, laid along a cement … As it is, a upheld of a terrain come to us really rarely, even in dreams. We see a list in a morning paper during breakfast, yet boot a correlation with a coffee. There is a confused mass of names, yet they are all strangers; we forget a terrible stress that dwells amid a variety of type,” a examination said. “Mr. Brady has finished something to move home to us a terrible existence and ardour of war. If he has not brought bodies and laid them in a dooryards and along a streets, he has finished something really like it.”


Advances in weaponry combined in a Civil War gave arise to new weapons of complicated warfare.

Among a weapons grown for a Civil War were:

Ironclads, also famous as a submarine. The Civil War was by distant a largest naval fight of a epoch and constructed dual kinds of ships — a ironclads and a besiege runners — that a universe had never seen before. The appearance of armored, self-propelled warships took fighting to a new level. In South Carolina, a Hunley was a initial fight submarine to penetrate an rivalry warship. However, a Hunley was not totally submerged and was mislaid during some indicate following her successful attack. The Confederacy mislaid 21 crewmen in 3 sinkings of a Hunley during her brief career.

The Gatling Gun, a predecessor to a complicated appurtenance gun. A hand-cranked arms with 6 barrels revolving around a executive shaft, a Gatling gun was able of banishment some-more than 600 rounds a minute, with any tub banishment 100 rounds per minute. Cartridges were fed to a gun by sobriety by a hopper mounted on top. Although a gun saw usually singular use during a Civil War, modifications to it authorised a inventor, Richard Jordan Gatling, to sell it to a ubiquitous public.

The torpedo. While a shoot is now famous as a barb entrance from a submarine, a shoot afterwards was a cave floating in a water. More than 120 torpedoes were planted in a Charleston bay to forestall constraint of that city.

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