Posts Tagged ‘the FBI’

Facebook Security, FBI Take Down Butterfly Botnet, Arrest 10

Thursday, December 13th, 2012

Facebook’s confidence group is being lauded by a FBI for a purpose a detain of 10 people indicted of swelling banking malware on a amicable networking site and collecting some-more than $850 million from fake transactions.

The arrests were carried out yesterday in a U.S., U.K., a Balkans, South America and New Zealand in tie with swelling a Yahos malware on Facebook from 2010 to this October. Yahos compromised some-more than 11 million computers, a FBI said. Attackers would use artificial Facebook accounts to widespread a malware around present messages by Facebook. The messages enclosed a couple to sites hosting banking malware and other data-stealing Trojans.

The Butterfly botnet pilfered roughly a billion dollars from a victims, a FBI said; credit label numbers, bank comment logins and other privately identifiable information was taken around a putrescent computers. The Spanish word for moth is Mariposa, that is also a name of a destructive botnet that widespread spam and carried out denial-of-service attacks. The FBI’s matter did not couple Butterfly with Mariposa.

“Facebook’s confidence group supposing assistance to law coercion via a review by assisting to brand a base cause, a perpetrators, and those influenced by a malware,” a FBI pronounced in a press release. “Yahos targeted Facebook users from 2010 to Oct 2012, and confidence systems were means to detect influenced accounts and yield collection to mislay these threats.”

Few other sum were released. The suspects were dull adult in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, New Zealand, Peru, a United Kingdom, and a United States, a FBI said.

Yahos isn’t a initial malware to use Facebook as an infection vector. In late 2011, a worm done a rounds regulating stolen certification to spam antagonistic links to users’ Facebook friends. The sites would download malware including a Zeus Trojan.

The many barbarous Facebook malware was a Koobface worm, malware that includes a network of antagonistic Web servers, URL checkers, a CAPTCHA breaker, a brute antivirus program, information stealers and search-result hijackers.

Commenting on this Article will be automatically sealed on Mar 12, 2013.

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Can a FBI Crack a Attribution Nut?

Thursday, November 1st, 2012

Bureau Unveils a Next Generation Cyber Initiative

By , October 31, 2012.

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Attribution – a ability to brand those who penetrate into a mechanism complement – is among a hardest cybersecurity nuts to crack. But that isn’t deterring a FBI, that says it has instituted a module to expose and examine web-based penetration attacks.

Known as a Next Generation Cyber Initiative, a scarcely year-long module denounced this past week has been building a cadre of specifically lerned mechanism scientists means to remove hackers’ digital signatures from plateau of malicious code. The commencement involves FBI agents cultivating what a business characterizes as “cyber-oriented relationships” with a technical leads during financial, business, travel and other vicious infrastructures.

 We’ve got to do all a required research to establish who is during a other finish of a keyboard perpetrating these actions. 

What creates detrimental so tough to establish is that a Internet from a commencement has been architected to concede anonymity. “We have an huge series of bad actors who are means to be totally anonymous,” Michael Dell, arch executive officer of mechanism builder Dell, once portrayed a Internet [see Idolizing Attribution]. “Can we consider of any secure complement where people can work anonymously?”

DoD’s Attribution Challenge

The hurdles surrounding anonymity aren’t thwarting a FBI and other sovereign agencies from perplexing to rise ways to mark those breaching mechanism systems. A few weeks ago, Defense Secretary Leon Panetta pronounced a Defense Department has done poignant advances in elucidate a problem that creates deterring cyber adversaries some-more complex: a problem of identifying a origins of that conflict [see In His Own Words: Panetta on Cyberthreats].

“Over a final dual years, DoD has done poignant investments in forensics to residence this problem of attribution, and we’re saying a earnings on that investment,” Panetta pronounced in a debate delivered Oct. 11 to a Business Executives for National Security. “Potential aggressors should be wakeful that a United States has a ability to locate them and to reason them accountable for their actions that competence try to mistreat America.”

Indeed, as a then- emissary partner executive of a FBI’s Cyber Division pronounced in an talk [see The Need for New IT Security Strategy], successfully identifying a culprits could stop many cyberattacks. “What it eventually is about is deterrence,” Steve Chabinsky said. “If a bad guys know that we can locate them, it stops many of them.”

Inner Workings of a Initiative

How does a FBI’s Next Generation Cyber Initiative work?

According to a FBI, margin investigators send their commentary to specialists in a FBI Cyber Division’s Cyber Watch command, who demeanour for patterns or similarities in cases. The around-the-clock post shares a information with a FBI-led National Cyber Investigative Joint Task Force, a partnership of comprehension and law coercion agencies such as a departments of Defense and Homeland Security and a National Security Agency.

A pivotal aim of a commencement has been to enhance a bureau’s ability to fast conclude “the detrimental piece” of a cyberattack to assistance establish an suitable response, an FBI blog quotes Richard McFeely, executive partner executive of a bureau’s criminal, cyber, response and services branch.

“The detrimental square is: who is conducting a conflict or a exploitation and what is their motive,” McFeely said. “In sequence to get to that, we’ve got to do all a required research to establish who is during a other finish of a keyboard perpetrating these actions.”

Solving a detrimental square stays a daunting challenge, though mixing information pity and advances in information research with normal gum-shoe methods, a FBI competence only attain in enormous that nut.

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Robert S. Mueller, III Director Federal Bureau of Investigation Statement Before …

Wednesday, September 19th, 2012

Good morning, Chairman Lieberman, Ranking Member Collins, and members of a committee. Thank we for a event to seem before a cabinet now and for your continued support of a organisation and women of a FBI.

As we know, a Bureau has undergone rare mutation in new years. Since a attacks of Sep 11th, we have refocused a efforts to residence and forestall rising militant threats. The militant hazard is some-more different than it was 11 years ago, though today, we in a FBI are improved prepared to accommodate that threat.

We also face increasingly formidable threats to a nation’s cyber security. Nation-state actors, worldly orderly crime groups, and hackers-for-hire are hidden trade secrets and profitable investigate from America’s companies, universities, and supervision agencies. Cyber threats also poise a poignant risk to a nation’s vicious infrastructure.

As these threats continue to evolve, so too contingency a FBI change to opposite those threats. We contingency continue to build partnerships with a law coercion and private zone partners, as good as a communities we serve. Above all, we contingency sojourn resolutely committed to carrying out a goal while safeguarding a polite rights and polite liberties of a people we serve.


Counterterrorism stays a tip priority.

International Terrorism

We face a fluid, dynamic, and formidable militant threat. We have seen an boost in a sources of terrorism, a wider array of terrorism targets, a larger team-work among militant groups, and an expansion in militant strategy and communications methodology.

In a past decade, al Qaeda has spin decentralized, though a organisation stays committed to high-profile attacks opposite a West. Records seized from Osama bin Laden’s devalue some-more than one year ago endorse al Qaeda’s intent. The May 2012 self-assurance of an al Qaeda user who plotted to control concurrent self-murder bombings in a New York City transport complement emphasizes a existence of a threat.

Our believe has been that several pivotal al Qaeda in a Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) total were innate or prepared in a United States; they know a enlightenment and a confidence protocols, and they use this bargain to rise and labour new strategy and techniques for their due attacks. Al Qaeda affiliates and surrogates, generally AQAP, paint a tip counterterrorism hazard to a nation. These groups have attempted several attacks on a United States, including a unsuccessful Christmas Day airline bombing in 2009 and a attempted bombing of U.S.-bound load planes in Oct of 2010.

AQAP leaders have published English-language articles in a Internet detailing their vigilant to strike a United States. They are also creation use of amicable media to share their believe with people of identical mindsets. They comprehend a value of reaching English-speaking audiences and are regulating a group’s selling skills to enthuse people to commence attacks in a United States though carrying to transport or sight abroad.

We also sojourn endangered about a hazard from homegrown aroused extremists. Over a past few years, we have seen augmenting activity among nonconformist individuals. These people have no standard profile; their practice and motives are mostly distinct. But they are increasingly savvy and peaceful to act alone, that creates them formidable to find and to stop.

For example, in Feb 2012, a FBI arrested Amine El Khalifi, a 29-year-old Moroccan immigrant, for allegedly attempting to erupt a explosve in a self-murder conflict on a U.S. Capitol. According to probity documents, Khalifi believed he was conducting a militant conflict on interest of al Qaeda, nonetheless he was not directly dependent with any group.

Another instance is a box of Rezwan Ferdaus, a 26-year-old U.S. citizen and connoisseur tyro vital in Boston, Massachusetts. During a tumble of 2011, Ferdaus designed to use unmanned, remote-controlled aircraft to conflict locations in Washington, D.C., including a U.S. Capitol. Although he espoused faithfulness to Bin Laden and al Qaeda, Ferdaus was not dependent with any organisation or other would-be terrorists. He had spin radicalized on his own, shabby by radical websites advocating aroused extremism among other things. In July, Ferdaus concluded to beg guilty to attempting to repairs and destroy a sovereign building by means of an bomb and attempting to yield element support to terrorists. The agreement is theme to examination and acceptance by a district court.

To improved residence this elaborating threat, a FBI has determined a Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Office within a National Security Branch (NSB) that will urge a efficacy in lenient a state, local, and village partners to support in this effort. The duties and goals of this bureau embody building a improved bargain of and tackling a hazard of aroused extremism in a United States; strengthening village partnerships; providing to state and inner officials and to village leaders unclassified briefings per a hazard of aroused extremism; addressing CVE-related operational and mission-support needs, including investigations, analysis, and training; and coordinating a FBI’s interests with courtesy to CVE matters with those of other agencies to guarantee that a efforts of a U.S. supervision are aligned.

Webster Commission Report on Fort Hood

In 2009, following a conflict on Fort Hood, a FBI requested a full—and independent—investigation of a demeanour in that a FBI rubbed and acted on counterterrorism comprehension before and after a Fort Hood shootings. Former FBI Director William Webster concluded to commence that eccentric review. On Jul 19, 2012, Judge Webster delivered to a FBI a finished Webster Commission Report on Fort Hood.

The elect found shortcomings in FBI routine guidance, technology, information examination protocols, and training and done 18 recommendations for visual and enhancing measures in those areas. The FBI concurs with a beliefs underlying a recommendations and has already taken action—and had taken action, even before to a recover of a report—to exercise a recommendations formed on a mixed of a commission’s work, a FBI’s possess inner examination of a Fort Hood shootings, and a news of this committee.

The Webster Commission reported that it was tender with a peculiarity and a joining of a FBI’s comprehension analysts and a formation of analysts into a FBI’s work. The FBI has taken poignant stairs to strengthen a formation of comprehension and operations, and we will continue to inspect innovative ways to continue a mutation from an investigative-led indication to an intelligence-led model, where comprehension drives a inquisitive strategies, enhances a bargain of threats, and increases a ability to residence and lessen those threats. The Directorate of Intelligence will continue to rise to some-more effectively yield vital direction, oversight, and support to a FBI’s comprehension module as we enhance a comprehension components in any of a operational divisions.

Domestic Terrorism

In further to a threats associated to ubiquitous terrorism discussed above, we confront domestic terrorism—domestic acts of assault in avail of political, religious, racial, or amicable ideology. Unfortunately, we have seen a swell in sole delinquent incidents, as we witnessed with a sharpened during a Sikh church in Wisconsin.

Many sole offenders might have some connection with famous domestic militant organizations, such as aroused white supremacist groups, anarchists, animal rights and environmental extremists, and association groups whose activities might violate sovereign law. These sole offenders might be loosely dependent with such groups, though their actions typically are not destined by these groups. They might be self-trained, self-financed, and self-executing, though they are encouraged to take movement in avail of their ideological beliefs.

We in a FBI say extensive coverage of famous domestic militant groups and their ubiquitous membership. But sole offenders poise a poignant regard in that they mount on a periphery.

We are operative closely with a counterparts in a Department of Homeland Security to teach a law enforcement, private sector, and village partners to be on a notice for questionable people and activities. We wish a partners to be attuned to a hazard of domestic terrorism, either by famous groups or sole offenders, and to know how best to strech out to law coercion for assistance.

In addition, any JTTF opposite a republic includes special agents dedicated to questioning domestic terrorism. We are operative with a Bureau of Prisons to fight aroused radicalization of jailed people by groups with a far-reaching operation of underlying ideologies. We are also operative with a Department of Defense to brand members of a troops who might be dependent with and try to support or join groups intent in militant activity.

In any domestic terrorism investigation—and indeed, in any investigation—we in a Bureau essay to change a need to keep a American open protected with a inherent rights of any citizen, including their First Amendment rights to giveaway debate and leisure of assembly.

Cyber Security

As this cabinet knows, a cyber hazard has developed and grown significantly over a past decade. Foreign cyber spies have spin increasingly skilful during exploiting weaknesses in a mechanism networks. Once inside, they can exfiltrate supervision and troops secrets, as good as profitable egghead property—information that can urge a rival advantage of state-owned companies.

Unlike state-sponsored intruders, hackers-for-profit do not find information for domestic power; rather they find information for sale to a top bidder. These once-isolated hackers have assimilated army to emanate rapist syndicates. Organized crime in cyber space offers a aloft distinction with a reduce luck of being identified and prosecuted. And hacker groups such as Anonymous and LulzSec are pioneering their possess forms of digital anarchy.

With these different threats, we expect that cyber confidence might good spin a top priority in a years to come. Computer intrusions and network attacks are a biggest cyber hazard to a inhabitant security. That is since we are strengthening a cyber capabilities, in a same approach we extended a comprehension and inhabitant confidence capabilities in a arise of a Sep 11th attacks.

We are focusing a Cyber Division on mechanism intrusions and network attacks. Such intrusions poise a biggest cyber hazard to a inhabitant security. We will re-unite non-intrusion programs now run by a Cyber Division, including Innocent Images and Intellectual Property Rights, with their counterparts in a Criminal Investigation Division. And since even normal crime is now facilitated by a use of computers, we are enhancing a technological capabilities of all FBI inquisitive personnel. We are also employing additional mechanism scientists to yield consultant technical support to vicious investigations in a field.

As partial of these efforts, we are formulating dual graphic charge army in a field. First, we will have Cyber Task Forces that will be focused on intrusions and network attacks. The stream cyber squads in any of a margin offices will form a iota of these charge forces. We contingency also work together to strengthen a many exposed among us: a children. To that end, we will also emanate Child Exploitation Task Forces in any margin office, that will concentration on crimes opposite children. As we have in a past, we acquire a appearance of a federal, state and inner partners, as we pierce forward, with these initiatives.

We are also augmenting a distance and range of a National Cyber Investigative Joint Task Force—the FBI-led multi-agency focal indicate for coordinating and pity of cyber hazard information. The National Cyber Investigative Joint Task Force brings together 18 law enforcement, military, and comprehension agencies to stop stream and envision destiny attacks. With a partners during DOD, DHS, CIA, and a NSA, we are targeting a cyber threats that face a nation. The charge force operates by Threat Focus Cells—specialized groups of agents, officers, and analysts that are focused on sold threats, such as botnets.

With a partners during a Department of Homeland Security and a National Cyber-Forensics Training Alliance, we are regulating comprehension to emanate an operational design of a cyber threat—to brand patterns and players, to couple cases and criminals.

The FBI also has 63 authorised attaché offices around a world, by that we share information and coordinate investigations with a ubiquitous counterparts. We also have special agents embedded with military departments in Romania, Estonia, Ukraine, and a Netherlands operative to brand rising trends and pivotal players in a cyber arena.

Together with a comprehension village and law coercion group partners, we are creation swell toward defeating a cyber threat—through a use of tellurian sources, technical surveillance, and mechanism science.

In Apr 2011, with a private zone and law coercion partners, a FBI distant a Coreflood botnet. This botnet putrescent an estimated dual million computers with malware that enabled hackers to seize control of a secretly owned computers, to take personal and financial information. With probity approval, a FBI seized domain names and re-routed a botnet to FBI-controlled servers. The servers destined a zombie computers to stop a Coreflood software, preventing intensity mistreat to hundreds of thousands of users.

And final fall, we worked with NASA’s Inspector General and a partners in Estonia, Denmark, Germany, and a Netherlands to close down a rapist network operated by an Estonian association by a name of Rove Digital. The investigation, called Operation Ghost Click, targeted a ring of criminals who manipulated Internet “click” advertising. They redirected users from legitimate promotion sites to their possess advertisements and generated some-more than $14 million in bootleg fees. This “click” intrigue impacted some-more than 100 countries and putrescent 4 million computers, half a million of that were here in a United States. We seized and infirm brute servers, froze a defendants’ bank accounts, and transposed a brute servers with legitimate ones, to minimize use disruptions. With a Estonian partners, we arrested and charged 6 Estonian nationals for their appearance in a scheme.

We contingency continue to share information with a partners in law enforcement, in a comprehension community, and in a private sector. We contingency sequester mission-centric information from slight information. We contingency incorporate layers of insurance and layers of entrance to vicious information. And when there is a compromise, we contingency extent a information that can be gleaned from it.

We contingency also work together to establish who is behind any given mechanism penetration or network attack. We can use a ability to charge an conflict to a specific assailant to assistance deter destiny attacks. We can't simply minimize vulnerabilities and understanding with a consequences. Collectively, we can urge cyber confidence and reduce costs—with systems designed to locate hazard actors, rather than simply to withstand them.


As rapist and militant threats spin some-more different and dangerous, a purpose of record becomes increasingly critical to a efforts.

We are regulating record to urge a approach we collect, analyze, and share information. In 2011, we debuted new record for a FBI’s Next Generation Identification System, that enables us to routine fingerprint exchange most faster and with some-more accuracy. We are also integrating removed information sets via a Bureau, so that we can hunt mixed databases some-more efficiently, and, in turn, pass along applicable information to a partners.

Sentinel, a FBI’s next-generation information and box government system, was deployed to all employees on Jul 1, 2012. Sentinel moves a FBI from a paper-based box government complement to a digital complement of record. It enhances a FBI’s ability to couple cases with identical information by stretched hunt capabilities. It also streamlines executive processes by “electronic workflow,” creation new box information and comprehension accessible some-more fast to agents and analysts. The FBI will continue building Sentinel’s capabilities according to worker feedback and organizational requirements.

Going Dark

As record advances, both during a FBI and via a nation, we contingency guarantee that a ability to obtain communications pursuant to probity sequence is not eroded. The increasingly mobile, complex, and sundry inlet of communication has combined a flourishing plea to a ability to control court-ordered electronic notice of criminals and terrorists. Many communications providers are not compulsory to build or say forestall capabilities in their ever-changing networks. As a result, they are mostly not versed to respond to information sought pursuant to a official probity order.

Because of this opening between record and a law, law coercion is increasingly incompetent to entrance a information it needs to strengthen open reserve and a justification it need to move criminals to justice.

We are grateful for Congress’ support in appropriation a National Domestic Communications Assistance Center. The core will capacitate law coercion to share tools, sight one another in complicated forestall solutions, and strech out to a communications attention with one voice.
It is usually by operative together—within a law coercion and comprehension communities, and with a private zone partners—that we will find a long-term resolution to this flourishing problem. We contingency guarantee that a laws by that we work keep gait with new threats and new technology.

Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and a Rule of Law

Intelligence and record are pivotal collection we use to stay forward of those who would do us harm. Yet as we rise and refurbish a inquisitive techniques and a use of record to keep gait with today’s formidable hazard environment, we contingency always act within a proportions of a order of law and a safeguards guaranteed by a Constitution.

The universe around us continues to change, though a values contingency never change. Every FBI worker takes an promise earnest to defend a order of law and a United States Constitution. This promise is not to be taken lightly. In my remarks to new agents, on their graduation from a FBI Academy, we stress that it is not adequate to locate a criminal; we contingency do so while support his polite rights. It is not adequate to stop a terrorist; we contingency do so while progressing polite liberties. It is not adequate to forestall unfamiliar nations from hidden a secrets; we contingency do so while support a order of law.

Following a order of law and support polite liberties and polite rights—these are not a burdens. These are what make all of us safer and stronger. In a end, we in a FBI will be judged not usually by a ability to keep Americans protected from crime and terrorism, though also by either we guarantee a liberties for that we are fighting and say a trust of a American people.


Chairman Lieberman and Ranking Member Collins, we appreciate we for this event to plead a FBI’s priorities and a state of a Bureau as it stands today. Mr. Chairman, let me again acknowledge a care that we and this cabinet have supposing to a FBI. The mutation a FBI has achieved over a past 11 years would not have been probable though a support of Congress and a American people. we would be happy to answer any questions that we might have.

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Got Next-Gen Security? The FBI Does

Tuesday, September 11th, 2012

The subsequent era of security Relevant Products/Services systems is here — voice Relevant Products/Services recognition, iris and retina scans, facial approval joined with DNA analysis. And a FBI is building it.

In further to those biometrics, a Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Next Generation Identification (NGI) module will also embody extended fingerprint identifying — rolled and implicit finger and palm prints.

Pilot NGI

A commander NGI module is underneath way, and includes a futurist match-up of conduct shots, taken from throng images, confidence systems, or even amicable networking sites, with famous faces in a database. Additionally, a business is building a database of scars and tattoos, that could also be used for visual Relevant Products/Services match-ups.

Tests conducted dual years ago indicated that, regulating a best accessible algorithms, a face can be successfully matched 92 percent of a time regulating a pool of 1.6 million mugshots.

Additionally, software Relevant Products/Services grown during Carnegie Mellon can take data Relevant Products/Services from front and side views, emanate a 3D model, and afterwards stagger a indication as most as 70 degrees to emanate a 2D compare with a picture in a throng or confidence complement footage. Researchers during Carnegie Mellon have pronounced that computer Relevant Products/Services-based facial recognition, in certain conditions, can now be as good or even improved than tellurian facial recognition.

This is not a initial time a FBI has collected this kind of data, though it is a initial time that such a complement is being tested and rolled out nationally. Full doing of a $1 billion plan is approaching by 2014.

‘Privacy and Civil Liberties’

In July, a FBI’s Jerome Pender, emissary partner executive of a Criminal Justice Information Services Division, told a subcommittee of a Senate Judiciary Committee that Michigan has successfully conducted an end-to-end Facial Recognition Pilot test, and has begun to contention facial approval searches to his division.

Agreements to attend in a Facial Recognition Pilot complement have been finished with Hawaii and Maryland. South Carolina, Ohio and New Mexico are reviewing a agreements.

Pender told a Senate that a searchable print database, that now contains 12.8 million searchable frontal photos, usually contains images of famous criminals. His testimony to a Senate was entitled “What Facial Recognition Technology Means for Privacy and Civil Liberties,” that is certain to turn a much-discussed topic.

NGI is being implemented in several stages. The initial stage, that deployed Advanced Technology Workstations, was finished in Mar 2010, and a second stage, to boost a correctness of fingerprint searches to 99.6 percent, was finished in Feb of final year.

A Repository of Individuals of Special Concern, a third stage, was finished in summer 2011, and it also supposing mobile Relevant Products/Services fingerprint marker operations.

The subsequent 3 stages are in progress. They emanate Palm Print Search and Latent Print Searching, a investiture of a National Palm Print System, and a ability to hunt scars, outlines and tattoos. Stages to exercise an iris approval commander and a full facial hunt complement will start subsequent year.

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FBI denies it was source of leaked Apple device ID data

Wednesday, September 5th, 2012


The FBI on Tuesday denied that a 1 million singular device identifiers for Apple inclination (UDIDs) posted publicly by hacker organisation AntiSec on Monday had come from a computers.

In a brief statement, a FBI’s inhabitant press bureau pronounced a organisation was wakeful of reports that an FBI laptop had been compromised and that private information per Apple‘s UDIDs had been exposed. “At this time, there is no justification indicating that an FBI laptop was compromised or that a FBI possibly sought or performed this data,” a organisation said.

The FBI’s rejection comes reduction than a day after AntiSec, a crush organisation of hacking common Anonymous, announced on Pastebin that it had accessed some-more than 12 million Apple UDIDs from a mechanism of FBI special representative Christopher Stangl of a agency’s Regional Cyber Action Team in New York.

The hacker organisation claimed that a information it accessed from a FBI agent’s mechanism enclosed UDID user names, names of devices, forms of devices, Apple Push Notification Service tokens, zip codes, dungeon phone numbers and addresses.

AntiSec’s proclamation stirred conjecture over because a FBI competence have collected a information and what it competence have been tracking. Many media reports were discerning to note that Stangl had been a star of an FBI promotional video about 3 years ago in that a organisation asked hackers for their assistance in fighting cybercrime.

Apple’s UDIDs are a set of alphanumeric characters used to singly brand an iPhone or iPad. The numbers are designed to let focus developers lane how many users have downloaded their applications and to accumulate other information for information analytics. Application developers have used a UDIDs to collect personal information about a device owner, including name, age, gender, device plcae and phone numbers.

Apple progressing this year announced that new iOS applications would not be available to lane UDIDs in an apparent response to remoteness concerns lifted over a tracking.

In a Pastebin message, AntiSec pronounced that it had motionless to post a information to display a FBI’s tip collection and tracking of Apple UDIDs. “FBI will, as usual, repudiate or omit this worried thingie and everybody will forget a whole thing during extraordinary speed,” a organisation pronounced in a post.

The FBI’s discerning rejection of a purported crack comes even as some have begun looking elsewhere for a source of a leaked data. In a blog post, Marco Arment, a record blogger formed in New York, wrote Tuesday that a demeanour during a information leaked by AntiSec suggests that it might have come from an focus developer.

“All of this information could have been collected from an app transmitting information to a server,” Arment wrote in his blog. “For instance, this is accurately a information that an ad network would wish to collect. And in sequence to get stats from 12 million devices, it would substantially need to be from a set of popular, giveaway apps… where you’d substantially see ads.”

He forked to a giveaway temperament burglary insurance focus called AllClearID as a expected source of a information formed on a name of a record containing a UDIDs that AntiSec pronounced it had accessed from a FBI computer.

A mouthpiece for AllClear ID however denied Tuesday that it had been a source of a information trickle and pronounced a blogger had jumped to a wrong conclusion. “To clarify, AllClear ID does not collect, nor has it ever collected, UDIDs. This occurrence is not related to AllClear ID.”

Jaikumar Vijayan covers information confidence and remoteness issues, financial services confidence and e-voting for Computerworld. Follow Jaikumar on Twitter during @jaivijayan or allow to Jaikumar’s RSS feed. His e-mail residence is

See more by Jaikumar Vijayan on

Read some-more about security in Computerworld’s Security Topic Center.

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FBI Warns of ‘Drive-By’ Internet Scam

Monday, August 13th, 2012

 The FBI is warning mechanism users of an Internet fraud that freezes computers immediately and might leave behind malware that can work in a credentials unnoticed.

The pathogen is described as drive-by malware, also famous as a Reveton ransomware, since it differs from other viruses, that are activated by opening a record or attachment. Reveton can implement itself when a user clicks on a compromised website, a FBI pronounced in a statement.

The putrescent mechanism immediately locks, and a fraudulent summary pops adult observant that a FBI or a Department of Justice’s Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section identified a users Internet residence is compared with bootleg activity—such as child pornography—and to clear a mechanism a user contingency compensate a excellent regulating a prepaid income label service, according to a statement from a FBI.

“While browsing a Internet a window popped adult with no approach to tighten it,” one Reveton plant wrote to a Internet Crime Complaint Center. “The window was labeled FBI and pronounced we was in defilement of one of a following: bootleg use of downloaded media, under-age porn viewing, or computer-use negligence. It listed fines and penalties for any and destined me to compensate $200 around a MoneyPak order. Instructions were given on how to bucket a label and make a payment. The page pronounced if a final were not met, rapist charges would be filed and my mechanism would sojourn sealed on that screen.”

The Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) is being flooded with complaints about a scam, according to Donna Gregory of a censure center.

“Some people have indeed paid a supposed fine,” Gregory pronounced in a statement.

The pathogen does not have an easy fix, she said. 

“Unlike other viruses,” she said, “Reveton freezes your mechanism and stops it in a tracks. And a normal user will not be means to simply mislay a malware.”

First identified by a FBI in 2011, Reveton is used by hackers along with Citadel malware and operates as a program smoothness height that is means to broach several kinds of viruses. It has spin some-more widespread in new months in a U.S. and internationally with some variants of Reveton means to spin on mechanism webcams and arrangement a design of a plant on a solidified screen.

The IC3 offers a following tips to those who consider they might be putrescent by a Reveton virus:

  • Do not compensate any income or yield any personal information.
  • Contact a mechanism veteran to mislay Reveton and Citadel from your computer.
  • Be wakeful that even if we are means to unfreeze your mechanism on your own, a malware might still work in a background. Certain forms of malware have been famous to constraint personal information such as user names, passwords, and credit label numbers by embedded keystroke logging programs.
  • File a censure and demeanour for updates about a Reveton pathogen on a IC3 website

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The misfortune confidence snafus of 2012 – so far

Saturday, July 14th, 2012


Could things unequivocally be this bad? From a annoying penetrate of a review between a FBI and Scotland Yard to a engorgement of information breaches, security snafus have ruled a initial half of 2012. Here’s a demeanour during some of a misfortune snafus month-by-month.

MORE: Worst Data Breaches of 2012 — So Far

The year started off with a FBI raiding a cloud file-sharing and storage Megaupload site, formed in Hong Kong and founded by 38-year-old New Zealand proprietor Kim Dotcom, on calm robbery charges to a balance of $175 million. And that action, upheld by a U.S industries that hailed it as bringing down a vast fish that was ravenous their egghead property, has triggered a year’s value of lawsuits and retributions from all even remotely involved. It incited confrontational when angry users of Megaupload were invited by hactivist organisation Anonymous to conflict law coercion and attention websites ancillary a raid by downloading do-it-yourself denial-of-service module such as Slowloris.

But by Mar it was apparent some of this DoS recommendation came from hackers who were merely tricking users into downloading Trojan software, such as Zeus, from putrescent links. Another twist: A New Zealand decider in Mar ruled an sequence postulated to law coercion permitting them to seize oppulance cars and other personal effects of Dotcom is shabby especially given a inner troops commissioner practical for a wrong form of seizure sequence that was requested by a U.S. That statute meant Dotcom has a possibility to get behind some of his huge bling, like his Rolls-Royce and pinkish Cadillac, seized during his detain during his palace outward Auckland. But of course, attorneys for a U.S. are arguing otherwise,. Dotcom, giveaway on bail yet theme to electronic monitoring, is approaching to bear extradition record in August.

Other Jan Snafus:

• Online tradesman Zappos disclosed hackers had expected damaged into a network and stolen information on customers, including name, address, billing and shipping address, phone series and a final 4 digits of credit-card numbers and cryptographically scrambled passwords stored in crush form. Zappos sensitive business all passwords were lapsed and business should emanate a new one.

• Researchers from Seculert detected what they contend is a botnet command-and-control server holding 45,000 login certification Facebook users exploited by a pervasive worm, Ramnit, infecting Windows and designed to taint computers and take amicable networking usernames and passwords.

• Source formula used in comparison Symantec craving confidence products, Symantec Endpoint Protection 11.0 and Symantec AntiVirus 10.2, as good as comparison versions of pcAnywhere and Norton Internet Security, was unprotected online by hackers pursuit themselves Lords of Dharmaraja with a personality named Yama Tough in Mumbai. The squad claimed to obtain a formula from a third-party compared with a Indian military. Symantec, acknowledging a flawlessness of a source code, also pronounced a confidence organisation had been theme to a hackers vainly perplexing to remove an coercion remuneration of about $50,000 in sell for not posting a stolen code. Symantec intent in a cat-and-mouse diversion to locate them, with assistance from law coercion — yet so distant yet apparent success. Symantec pronounced it isn’t certain where a hackers performed a stolen cache of source code, and a confidence occurrence did prompt Symantec to digest confidence rags it suggested some business regulating comparison module to apply, with additional overdo to business around a occurrence compared to a stolen source code.

Right in a midst of a discussion call a FBI was carrying with a agents and law-enforcement officials abroad during Scotland Yard, cybercriminals hacked their approach into a phone conversation, available it and posted it online. The review was about hackers confronting charges in a U.K. The organisation Anonymous took credit for a intercepted call. The FBI pronounced it seemed expected a cybercriminals competence have hacked into a law-enforcement official’s email to get a information for a discussion call dial-in.

Other Feb Snafus:

• Brazilian banks were targets for distributed denial-of-service attacks, with vast assaults opposite HSBC Brazil, Banco da Brasil, Itau Unibanco Multiplo SA and Banco Bradesco SA. Hactivists took credit for a DDoS spree.

• Whistleblowing website, dedicated to exposing trusted information, was compromised by an antagonist that installed an conflict formula that attempted to launch drive-by exploits during visitors to a site.

• The University of Florida had to forewarn 719 people that their Social Security numbers were improperly stored on a state website operated by a Bureau of Unclaimed Property for some-more than 6 years.

• Verizon had to acknowledge a Verizon 4G LTE network was knocked offline again usually dual months after a final serous outage. The outage on Feb. 22 lasted from about 10 a.m. to 1:20 p.m.

Microsoft‘s Azure cloud infrastructure and growth use gifted a critical worldwide outage on Feb. 29. Microsoft after blamed a outage on a “Leap Year Bug” that was triggered in a pivotal server housing a certificate that had lapsed on midnight on Feb. 28, and a time-calculation control hadn’t taken into comment a additional day in a month of Feb this year.

• Taiwan-based Apple retailer Foxconn was hacked by a hacker organisation pursuit itself Swagg Security, apparently in criticism compared to media reports about bad operative conditions during a wiring manufacturer’s factories in China. The hackers posted usernames and passwords that they pronounced would concede enemy to place fake orders underneath other companies’ names, including Microsoft, Apple, IBM, Intel and Dell.

• The FBI arrested a mechanism programmer in New York and charged him with hidden exclusive module formula from a Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY). The module is famous as a Government-Wide Accounting and Reporting Program (GWA), that handles all kinds of U.S. supervision financial transactions, and it cost over $9 million to develop. The indicted thief, Bo Zhang, a agreement worker during FRBNY, used a GWA formula in a private business he ran to sight people in mechanism programming. Zhang, a Chinese citizen in a U.S. on a work visa given 2000, is also famous as “Bryan Zhang,” and in a defence agreement in Apr he pled guilty to burglary of supervision property, revelation he’d copied a formula onto an outmost tough expostulate and afterwards eliminated a GWA module to a home computer, meaningful that was wrong.

At slightest 228,000 Social Security numbers were unprotected in a March 30 breach involving a Medicaid server during a Utah Department of Health, according to officials from a Utah Department of Technology Services and Utah Department of Health, that theorized that attacks from Eastern Europe bypassed confidence controls given of pattern errors. In May, Utah CIO Steven Fletcher quiescent given of it.

Other Mar snafus:

• The Vatican found a websites and inner email servers theme to a weeklong conflict after a Anonymous common pronounced it was felt fit in this by a fact that a Vatican Radio System has absolute transmitters in a panorama outward Rome that allegedly constituted a health risk, including presumably “leukemia and cancer,” to people vital in a vicinity. Another justification given were claims a Vatican allegedly helped a Nazis, broken books of ancestral value and that a preaching intimately molested children.

• Hackers in a LulzSec organisation compared with a broader Anonymous transformation found a tables incited when they were arrested by a FBI and European law-enforcement agencies — and it was LulzSec personality Hector Xavier Monsegur, alias “Sabu,” who incited in his friends as partial of a understanding to work as a victim for a FBI after being arrested in New York City final year.

• By a finish of March, LulzSec claimed to be “reborn” and took credit for hacking a dating website for troops personnel,, leaking some-more than 160,000 comment sum from a database.

• Dutch troops arrested a 17-year-old suspected of compromising a comment information on hundreds of servers belonging to telecommunications user KPN. The teenager, arrested in a Dutch city of Barendrecht, “made a confession,” according to Dutch authorities. In a arise of a hacking spree, KPN pronounced it would designate a arch confidence officer and set adult a permanent control core to guard a systems.

• A smirch was detected in Barclays contactless bank cards that could concede customers’ information to be stolen and used fraudulently with them meaningful about it, according to an review by ViaForensics in and with Channel 4 News. But Barclays discharged a claims as inaccurate.

• Security firms knew there was difficulty when Kaspersky Lab identified code-signed Trojan malware dubbed Mediyes that had been sealed with a digital certificate owned by Swiss organisation Compavi AG and released by Symantec. Symantec pronounced it found out that a digital certificate’s private pivotal hold by Compavi had indeed been stolen; either by an insider or an outward assailant wasn’t known.

• A confidence organisation formed in Slovakia, ESET, asserted a website operated by a nation of Georgia has been used as partial of a botnet to control cyber-espionage opposite that country’s residents. But ESET researchers certified they aren’t certain either a Win32/Georbot they have been monitoring is being directly operated by a Georgian supervision or by cyber-spies by a compromised Georgian agency.

The Federal Communication Commission fined Google $25,000, reporting a search-engine hulk detained an review into how Google collected information while holding photos for a Street View mapping feature. The FCC reliable in a news that Google “deliberately detained and delayed” a review for months by not responding to requests for information and documents. But a FCC also pronounced it won’t take transformation opposite Google over a information collection given it still has questions it wants answered. The FCC had subpoenaed an unnamed Google operative — now famous to be Marius Milner — yet he had apparently declined to testify, invoking his Fifth Amendment rights opposite damning himself.

Other Apr snafus:

• Hactivist organisation Anonymous brought down a websites of trade groups U.S. Telecom Association and TechAmerica, apparently for their support of a cybersecurity check due by Rep. Mike Rogers that would concede a private companies and a supervision to share any information “directly regarding to a disadvantage of, or hazard to” a mechanism network. Privacy advocates, including a ACLU and Center for Democracy and technology, contend a bills patches remoteness protections.

• A U.S. grand jury charged dual residents of China with 46 rapist counts, including infringing module copyrights and illegally exporting record to China, for allegedly handling a website that sole pirated module used in engineering, manufacturing, space exploration, aerospace make-believe and design, and other fields, with a blurb value of other $100 million. Xiang Li, 35, was progressing arrested by agents from a U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s Homeland Security Investigations in Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands. Chun Yan Li stays during large. Both face charges in a U.S. District Court for a District of Delaware.

• A 31-year-old Russian inhabitant vital in New York, Petr Murmylyuk, was charged with hacking into accounts during Fidelity, Scottrade, E*Trade and Schwab in a formidable intrigue that concerned origination unapproved trades that profited a squad he recruited to open bank accounts to accept a bootleg proceeds. The brokerage firms pronounced they mislaid $1 million given of Murmylyuk’s fraud.

• VMware’s ESX source formula was stolen and posted online, yet VMware pronounced a code, amounting to a singular record from someday around 2003 or 2004, doesn’t meant any increasing risk to VMware customers. Security organisation Kaspersky pronounced it believes a formula was stolen from a Chinese association called China Electronics Import Export Corporation during a Mar breach.

• A depot during New Jersey’s Newark Liberty International Airport was close down for some-more than an hour on Apr 27 after officials detected that a baby hadn’t been scrupulously screened. The baby in doubt had been handed behind and onward between a relatives after a steel detector went off sounding an alarm with a mom holding a baby. The father had already left by a screening, and a relatives and baby left a checkpoint to conduct to a gate. But Transportation Security Administration officials motionless to “err on a side of caution” to close down a depot and go locate a baby to make certain it went by screening. Some passengers that had already boarded flights pronounced they had to leave it and go by confidence screening again. Speaking of a TSA, one of a agency’s critics, confidence consultant Bruce Schneier, who is concerned in a lawsuit with a organisation to get them to stop a TSA’s full-body scanner program, had been invited to attest before Congress about a TSA yet a House Committee on Oversight and Government Report afterwards “uninvited” Schneier final Mar after a TSA rigourously complained about him, apparently preferring not to be challenged directly by him right in front of Congress.

• Automotive manufacturer Nissan certified a information crack involving worker user comment certification had occurred, and that it had to spend some time cleaning a network of a malware apparently obliged for that before disclosing a breach.

• The hacker who stole Facebook’s source code, Glenn Mangham of York, England, offering an reason of since he did it, saying, “I was operative underneath a grounds it is infrequently improved to find redemption than to ask permission.” He pronounced he did small to censor his actions and that even if he got caught, Facebook would let him off a hook. But that didn’t happen, and Mangham was condemned to 8 months in jail in February, yet a judgment was reduced to 4 months by an appeals justice in April. He pronounced he usually had a source formula for 3 weeks, yet never had any goal of offering it to anyone who competence feat it for scams, for example. Mangham even done a showy explain that his simple good intentions saved Facebook from “potential annihilation.”

• Payments estimate services association Global Payments concurred a information crack of adult to 1.5 million label numbers had been stolen in a information breach, and in Jun also pronounced it was questioning either a server containing businessman applicants’ information had also been breached. Global Payments pronounced a PCI correspondence standing had been revoked by some of a label brands given of a crack and it was operative to recover it.

Hackers claimed to have breached a systems of a Belgian credit provider Elantis and threatened to tell trusted patron information if a bank did not make an coercion remuneration of $197,000. Elantis reliable a information crack yet pronounced a bank will not give in to coercion threats.

Meanwhile, Anonymous claimed it hacked a U.S. Department of Justice website server tied to a U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics and claimed to recover 1.7GB of stolen information from it, with a statement, “We are releasing it to finish a crime that exists, and truly make those who are being oppressed free.” The information was offering on The Pirate Bay.

And afterwards Yahoo incidentally leaked a private pivotal that was used to digitally pointer a new Axis prolongation for Google Chrome. Axis is a new hunt and browsing apparatus from Yahoo. Security blogger Nik Cubrilovic detected a package enclosed a private crypto pivotal used by Yahoo to pointer a extension, observant it offering a antagonistic assailant a ability “to emanate a fake prolongation that Chrome will substantiate as being from Yahoo.” Yahoo was forced to recover a new chronicle of a Axis prolongation for Google Chrome after that.

The University of Nevada in Lincoln concurred a information crack that unprotected information of some-more than 654,000 files of personal information on students and employees, and relatives and university alumni. The information was stolen from a Nebraska Student Information Systems database; a tyro is a suspected culprit.

Other Jun snafus:

• Hacker squad Swagger Security strikes again, this time breaching a networks of Warner Bros. and China Telecom, releasing papers and edition login credentials. The organisation pronounced it told China Telecom of a penetrate by planting a summary in a company’s network. “Fortunately for them, we did not destroy their infrastructure and rendered [stet] millions of business yet communications,” Swagger Security, also famous as SwaggSec, pronounced in a note.

• About 6.5 million cryptographic hashes of LinkedIn user passwords were stolen and posted online, a crack LinkedIn concurred yet it didn’t plead specific numbers, that competence be most reduction due to duplicates. LinkedIn invalidated a passwords of impacted users and a association pronounced emails will be sent to users whose passwords were compromised, yet it warned about updating passwords around links sent in email.

• Right after a LinkedIn fiasco, dating site eHarmony also reliable a crack of 1.5 million passwords that were hashed.

• The Federal Trade Commission announced that information attorney Spokeo will compensate $800,000 to settle FTC charges it sole personal information it collected from amicable media and other Internet-based sites to employers and pursuit recruiters yet holding stairs to strengthen consumers compulsory underneath a Fair Credit Reporting Act.

• The New York Times essay reporting that a cyber-weapon Stuxnet is a origination of a U.S. with Israel, and was launched in a growth transformation certified directly by President Barack Obama opposite an Iranian trickery suspected of building a chief weapon, has influenced adult a firestorm of debate in Washington about leaked information. Now that another cyber-weapon for espionage, Flame, has been detected and associated directly with Stuxnet, there’s some-more concern, with a United Nations multiplication International Telecommunication Union warning countries that Flame is dangerous, and some observant a U.S. is losing a dignified high belligerent as a tip cyberwar efforts turn known.

Ellen Messmer is comparison editor during Network World, an IDG announcement and website, where she covers news and record trends compared to information security.

Read some-more about far-reaching area network in Network World’s Wide Area Network section.

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Malware Monday: Avoid Internet Shutdown

Monday, July 9th, 2012

Santa Barbara- The FBI has released a warning about a antagonistic pathogen stealing in hundreds of thousands of computers, and that pathogen could keep we from joining to a internet on Monday.

Hackers have figured out a approach to route your internet searches to fraudulent websites for profit, and your mechanism might have been infected. Security experts during Symantec, makers of Norton Anti-virus software, contend putrescent computers substantially got a DNS changer by email attachments or by clicking on putrescent links.

Starting Monday, a FBI will close down a servers used by a hackers, that means if your mechanism is putrescent and we don’t take stairs to strengthen yourself, we could remove all entrance to a internet. The problem affects both PC and Mac users.

Experts contend it’s easy to check your mechanism to make certain it hasn’t been
infected. Go to . You’ll have a big
green shade come adult if you’re in a clear. If your mechanism has a virus, there will be a red
screen, and there will be instructions on how to repair a problem.

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World stares during an Internet doomsday [Mail Today (India)]

Monday, July 9th, 2012

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Al Bawaba Ltd.

LAKHS of computers opposite a world, including thousands in India, are set to be cheerless by a Monday blues.

From Jul 9, scarcely 3 lakh putrescent computers, including some-more than 20,000 in India, are set to remove entrance to a Internet, interjection to a DNSChanger malware, confidence firms say.

These computers will be logged off since a FBI will close down some servers. The problem stems from a malware, that was combined by cyber criminals to route Internet trade by hijacking a domain name systems ( DNS) of Web browsers. The ring behind a malware, detected in 2007, was close down final year by a FBI, Estonian Police and other law coercion agencies.

” Every website has an IP residence by default — that is a fibre of numbers.

That is where DNS ( domain name complement ) comes in — a DNS server routes we to a website when we form in a name,” Abesh Bhattacharjee, program applications designer with a conjectural multinational program vital and SAP mentor, said.

He pronounced a malware mutated these numbers on putrescent computers to route them to antagonistic websites.

” Think of it as your write directory.

What if someone transposed a phone numbers of genuine people with their choice of numbers? This is what a malware does,” Bhattacharjee added.

Beginning in 2007, a cyber ring used a malware to taint approximately 40 lakh computers in some-more than 100 countries. There were about 5,00,000 infections in a US alone, including computers belonging to individuals, businesses, and supervision agencies such as Nasa, a FBI said.

” The thieves were means to manipulate Internet promotion to beget during slightest $ 14 million in unlawful fees,” a FBI added.

As a pathogen tranquil so most Web traffic, authorities performed a justice sequence to concede a FBI to work deputy servers, that concede trade to upsurge normally, even from putrescent computers. But that sequence expires on Monday. Thus putrescent computers won’t be means to entrance a Internet anymore.

According to a DNS Changer Working Group ( DCWG), some-more than 3,00,000 computers remained putrescent as of Jun 11. The largest series was in a US ( 69,000), followed by Italy ( 26,500), India ( 21,300) and a UK ( 19,589). Security experts contend it’s not transparent how many of those computers are active.

” Reaching victims is really difficult, and something we have had issues with for years,” Johannes Ullrich, a researcher with a SANS Security Institute, told a news agency.



Type www. dns- ok. us on your browser.

If a shade is immature ( R), your mechanism is clean


If a above exam shows adult as red on your browser, download giveaway collection such as Microsoft Windows Defender Offline, Norton Power Eraser, Kaspersky Labs TDSSKiller, Trend Micro Housecall, Hitman Pro or McAfee Stinger and MacScan ( for Macs) and run it. This should repair things


Download any of a collection mentioned above from another mechanism and run it.

If we still can’t bond and are gentle with changing complement settings, use a open DNS service, such as from OpenDNS and Google, to entrance a Internet. Just enter these as your DNS servers: and or and





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Having difficulty removing online? Ask your provider

Monday, July 9th, 2012

The FBI went in late final year to take down a hackers’ . But they satisfied that if they incited off a antagonistic servers, all a victims would remove Internet access.

So a FBI combined a reserve net, regulating dual purify Internet servers, to keep putrescent users online — temporarily. They also combined a website with fixes for a problem.

But usually after midnight, a FBI incited off a reserve net.

Now, if we can’t review this online, your Internet use provider’s patron support table might be your usually solution.

Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This element might not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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